Umwelt is defined as the world as it is experienced by a particular organism, based on the differentiations made by that organism. Each different species has a different Umwelt, which depends on the different discriminative ability of the species, as well as its various individual experiences.
The concept of Umwelt was introduced into the German language by Jakob von Uexküll. In German the word also means environment, so a distinction is made when speaking about Umwelt: indicating that one is dealing with a subjective environment or alluding to Uexküll.
At the exhibition called Umwelt, which marks the 80th anniversary of professional Estonian glass art, black-and-white photos of a selection of the graduation projects created by the students of glass art at the Estonian Academy of Arts / State Art Institute of the Estonian S.S.R. / Tallinn Art University are on display. Since our goal is to examine the influences and changes affecting the individual’s journey from the classroom to life as an artist, new, and often only recently created works are also on exhibit.
The question we are asking is whether the works from the past have preserved their value and significance in the artists’ lives, or if a total change has occurred and a connection no longer exists between the artists’ current work and the projects they created as students.
Mare Saare: Defining Chaos I; Defining Fragility.
Glass as a design material, a means of expression for artists, and our everyday companion in all kinds of environments and technical solutions is almost indispensable. Glass does occur in nature, and glass produced by humans has been known since the third millennium B.C. The methods for working glass, as one of the oldest artificial materials – blowing, fusing, engraving and polishing – are generally the same in the 21st century as they were several millennia ago. However, new industrial and computer-aided processes are now being added. The mystery that always surrounded the production of glass has not disappeared. With this exhibition, we hope to bring viewers closer to glass art, make it more understandable and unveil new interesting discoveries.
Participating artists and their graduation years: Maie Mikof (1967), Peeter Rudas (1970), Rait Prääts (1975), Mare Saare (1979), Eve Koha (1981), Ivo Lill (1985), Kai Kiudsoo-Värv (1995, MA 1996), Tiina Sarapu (1995, MA 1996), Eeva Käsper (1998, MA 2003), Maret Sarapu (2002, MA 2005), Kristiina Uslar (2003, MA 2007), Andra Jõgis (2011, MA 2014) and Kristiina Oppi (2012, MA 2017)
Exhibition curator: prof Mare Saare (Eesti Kunstiakadeemia / Estonian Academy of Arts)
Exhibition design: Mari Kurismaa
Graphic design: Külli Kaats